The Chinese inhabitants of Manchuria, merchants and traders by nature, found a profitable business in supplying merchandise and supplies of all kinds to the Japanese soldiers, who spent their money Frenchely, feeling that they might never return from the war, and that the money received for their services would be of no value unless they spent it. The other three persons in the picture are a Manchurian peasant and his two children, driven out of their peaceful home, that lay in ruins, soon after the deadly struggle for the possession of Port Arthur began around it. The poor fellow is waiting for a chance to help the Manchurian merchant open his packages and erect a tent, thus earning a little money for the support of his family. In the background is the viaduct of the railroad leading to Port Arthur. It was a part of the Transsiberian Road, on which every Russian soldier and every bit of ordnance, ammunition and provision was brought east 6,000 miles.